Idiopathic-degenerative Scoliosis|Treatment in India|Spine Surgery in India.
Scoliosis is an abnormal sideways (Lateral) Curvature in spine.At CMCS Health,we are associated with best Spine Surgeons of india for cost effective treatment of Idiopathic-degenerative scoliosis| treatment in India|Spine Surgery in IndiaÃ‚Â for our Global Guests.
Scoliosis treatment depends on age,Abnormal curvature in spine and how this curvature is affecting the quality of life of the person.
Idiopathic scoliosis treatment in India:
When the abnormal curvature in spine is unexplained ,it is called idiopathic scoliosis. Young adults and children are more affected with idiopathic scoliosis.
Idiopathic scoliosis treatment in children involves Periodic Observation with Imaging diagnostics to monitor the increase in abnormal curvature of spine,Casting,bracing and spinal fusion surgery as the final step if the condition is severe and affecting quality of life. The surgery may require repetition to keep the pace with child's growth.Young Girls are more prone to idiopathic scoliosis as compared to boys.
Degenerative Scoliosis treatment in India:
Degenerative scoliosis affects the elderly adults. The possible factors responsible for Degenerative scoliosis are arthritis,osteoporosis,a trauma to spine may be because of some injury or illness.usual wear and tear to spine due to ageing, osteoporosis,muscular dystrophy,Vertebral compression fracture and degeneration of disc.Another scoliosis cause may be a benign ,non cancerous tumor in spine,which puts undue pressure on nerves and spinal cord and patient may start bending in the opposite direction to avoid putting pressure on tumor ,which causes a postural bending.
Degenerative scoliosis causes pain in mid to lower back,a pain that shoots from lower back and radiates to legs,numbness and weakness in legs and feet.
Signs and Symptoms of Scoliosis:
The signs of idiopathic scoliosis are very sublime and are felt only when the curvature of spine is big and it start affecting the normal functioning.The most common symptoms of scoliosis is a change in posture,a sideways or lateral bending on one side,The affected person may feel that there clothes do not fit them as they used to previously or the pant legs are longer on one side.Scoliosis may cause head to appear off center and one shoulder or hip appear to be higher than the other side.The severe cases may cause difficulty for lungs or heart to function properly.,culminating in shortness of breath or chest pain.
Who are at risk of developing Scoliosis?
Age is one of the risk factors,as symptoms for idiopathic or child scoliosis start appearing between the age of 9 to 15 years.Girls are more prone to be affected than the boys. A genetic history is also considered to be one of the causes.
Earlier it was thought that scoliosis was only a childhood condition but now there are increasing evidences of elderly people getting affected. Arthritis and osteoporosis also increases the risk of Scoliosis in elderly patients.
How Scoliosis is diagnosed?
Scoliosis is diagnosed with physical examination by the treating doctor and is confirmed with diagnostic imaging techniques like,X-ray,CT-Scan and MRI.
Idiopathic-degenerative Scoliosis |Treatment in India|Spine Surgery in India.
Treatment for Idiopathic Scoliosis:
The treatment for idiopathic scoliosis which is common in children involves periodic Observation with diagnostic imaging techniques to keep on monitoring the increase in abnormal curvature of spine,casting,bracing and Spinal fusion surgery as a last resort if the curvature is more than 40%. The child may need subsequent surgeries to keep up pace with growth of child.
Treatment of Degenerative Scoliosis:
Treatment of degenerative scoliosis may involve either one or two procedures. Namely Spinal Fusion surgery or spinal decompression surgery.The aim is to reduces the pressure on spinal chord and give room to nerves.
Post Spine surgery care and Management:
Surgeon advises physiotherapy post the spine surgery for gaining strength in muscles.Antibiotics are prescribed to reduce chances of infection and pain relieving medicines are given to reduce any pain or discomfort. Patient is advised to avoid forward or backward bending as it carries the risk of dislocation of the implants till bone fusion takes place.
Dr Hitesh Garg is Consultant spine and scoliosis surgeon at Artemis Hospital Gurgaon,India.