What is colon or colo rectal cancer ?
Colon or large intestine is the last part of the digestive tract. Colon cancer is a cancer that usually occurs in elderly people but it can occur at any age.At CMCS Health , we are associated with best Indian colon or colorectal cancer specialists for cost effective and comprehensive and complete colon or colorectal cancer treatment in India.
Colon cancer usually start as non cancerous (Benign) growth in the inner lining of intestinal lumen called polyps. Over time some of these polyps can become colon cancers.
Colon cancer is sometimes also called as Colo rectal cancers.
The Risk factors associated with colon cancer are:
1.Colon cancer usually is diagnosed in people above 50 years of age , but there are increasing incidences of younger people getting colon cancer.
2.People of African-American are at a higher risk.
3.Ulcerative colitis and crohn’s disease.
4.Diets high in red meat and processed meat.
5.Low-fiber, high-fat diet
6.A sedentary lifestyle and obesity
8.Smoking and heavy alcohol consumption
9. Only a small percentage of colon cancers are linked to inherited genes. The most common inherited syndromes that increase colon cancer risk are familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and Lynch syndrome, which is also known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC).
Signs and symptoms of Colon or colorectal cancer:
1.A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool.
2. Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool
3.Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain.
4.Weakness or fatigue,
5.Unexplained weight loss
Diagnosis of colon or colorectal cancer :
If a doctor suspect Colon or colerectal cancer in a patient , he recommends following tests for confirmation of diagnosis.
- Blood tests consisting of prostate specific antigen.
- Stool immunochemistry
- Stool DNA
- Imaging tests like MRIs, CT scans and PET CT
Colon or colorectal cancer treatment in India:
Colon or colorectal cancer treatment in India involves following protocols , doctor may club one or more from the following for offering comprehensive colon or colorectal cancer treatment in India.
- Radiation therapy
- Targeted drug therapy
- Radio frequency ablation
Dr Vinod Raina is one of the leading cancer specialist ( Medical Oncology ) of India and is currently Chairman - Onco sciences at Fortis memorial research Institute , Gurgaon , Haryana , India.
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