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Breast conserving breast cancer surgery in India.

Breast cancer surgery in India.

Breast cancer surgery is needed for both cosmetic purposes and more serious life threatening medical conditions. At CMCS Health , we are associated with best Indian breast cancer surgeons for breast cancer surgery in India.

Breast cancers are one of the most common cancers among women and treatments of breast cancer involves breast cancer surgery , Chemotherapy , Radiation therapy , Targeted drug therapy and hormone therapy. Surgery is the mainstay of breast cancer treatments.

Breast cancer surgery in India :

Surgery is the mainstay of breast cancer treatments . Breast cancer surgery can be combined with radiation therapy , chemotherapy , targeted therapy hormone therapy , and immunotherapy.

There are two main types of surgery performed for breast cancer treatment .

1. Mastectomy :

Mastectomy surgery for breast cancer treatment involves removal of complete breast.

Mastectomy surgery can be further classified as:

Radical mastectomy :

Radical mastectomy involves removal of breast tissue, nipple, areola and skin but not all the lymph nodes and the pectoral (chest wall) muscles under the breast.

It is performed rarely now and only if the surgeons feel that cancer has grown or may grow into pectoral muscles.

Modified Radical mastectomy ( MRM)

Modified radical mastectomy involves removal of breast tissues , nipple , areola , skin and all the lymph nodes under the arm ( axillary lymph nodes dissection ) .

Skin or Nipple sparing mastectomy :

The skin or nipple sparing breast cancer surgery is a variation of the total mastectomy and is normally performed to allow the surgeon to perform breast reconstruction. The surgery removes the same amount of breast tissue. The difference is that the surgeon leaves the breast skin (skin-sparing) and sometimes the nipple (nipple-sparing).

Breast reconstruction can be done at the same time of mastectomy or later.

Double mastectomy :

When both the breasts are removed , it is called double mastectomy or bi lateral mastectomy.

2. Breast conservation surgery :

Not all breast cancers require complete removal of breast , if the size of tumor is not too big and it is localized , doctor may perform a surgery with removal of tumor and safe margins along the breast tissues. Breast conservation surgery are also called lumpectomy. It is usually followed by radiation therapy , chemotherapy or hormone therapy.

Sometime chemotherapy is given to patient before the surgery to reduces the size of tumor , it is called neoadjuvant chemotherapy.

Breast oncoplasty or breast reconstruction surgery :

When lumpectomy or breast conservation surgery is done for a patient, many times it leaves a bad scar or disfigurement in a patient.

Breast reconstruction or breast oncoplasty surgery is combination of breast cancer surgery with cosmetics or plastic surgery to hide the scar or restore the form of breast.

Breast reconstruction or breast oncoplasty surgery can be done at the same time of lumpectomy or afterwards.

Dr Deepka Jha is senior consultant and clinical lead for breast cancer surgery at Artemis hospital.

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CA Cervix- CA Ovary - CA Uterus Surgeon , cervical cancer treatment in India .

Uterus or Endometrium cancer.

Uterus or endometrium cancer is one of the common cancers in women.Early diagnosis of uterine cancer is possible, if the initial symptoms are noticed by a woman and immediately approaches a clinician with her complaints.We are well equipped to offer the best uterus or endometrium cancer treatment in India.

What are the types of Uterus cancer ?

Uterus cancer usually occurs in the lining of uterus called endometrium but other less common cancers can also occur in women like uterine sarcoma.

Signs and symptoms of uterine cancer

The initial and most important symptom is abnormal bleeding in a woman,like bleeding in between the periods or a vaginal bleed post menopause.

  • Unusual Vaginal discharge which can be foul smelling, pus like or may be blood tinged.
  • Painful coitus
  • Constant and persisting pain in pelvic region, feeling of pressure or mass in pelvic region.
  • Sudden and unexplained weight loss.
  • Loss of appetite.
  • Unusual pain during urination or bowel movement.

Who are at risk of developing uterine cancer

  • Women in whom periods have started at an early age
  • Women who have delayed menopause
  • women who has never delivered a child
  • Being Overweight or obese
  • Post menopausal women who are taking estrogen only HRT
  • Estrogen producing ovarian tumors
  • PCOs
  • Women who have been treated with Tamoxifen for more than two years for breast cancer treatment
  • Woman who had a previous radiation therapy of lower abdomen
  • Less common Lynch or cowden syndrome

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