Heart Surgery in India
Cardiac or heart surgery is another very important branch of life saving surgeries in medical field. AtÂ CMCS HealthÂ we are associated with Best Indian Cardiovascular and cardiothoracic surgeons for heart surgery in indiaÂ for our Global Guests.
Know your heart:
The human heart is a muscular organ. Heart pumps blood through cardiovascular system consisting of various arteries and veins.
The structure of human heart consists of four chambers:
- The Upper right chamber is called right atrium which receives blood from the veins and pumps it to the right ventricle.
- The lower right chamber is right ventricle. Right ventricle receives blood from the right atrium and pumps it to the lungs, where it is mixed with oxygen.
- Â The upper left chamber is Left atrium. Left Atrium receives oxygenated blood from the lungs and pumps it to the left ventricle.
- The lower left chamber is left ventricle. Left ventricle pumps oxygen-rich blood to every part of human body. The left ventricle contracts periodically and creates our blood pressure.The coronary arteries provide oxygen-rich blood to the heart muscle. A web of nerve tissue also runs through the heart, conducting the complex signals that controls contraction and relaxation. The human heart is contained in a sac called the pericardium.
What causes heart disease:
The major causes of heart disease are atherosclerosis, uncontrolled blood pressure over a period of time, uncontrolled diabetes, foods high in saturated and Trans or hydrogenated fats,Ã‚Â Sedentary or no physical exercises life styles, obesity , too much alcohol consumption, smoking, prolonged bouts of stress and depression, Congenital heart defects and valvular heart disease.
Signs and symptoms of Heart Disease:
Chest pain can be because of other reasons too but chest pain and heaviness in chest, feeling of discomfort ,burning and squeezing sensations and pain in chest radiating to upper left arm, difficulty in breathing, palpitation, faster heart beat, weakness or dizziness, nausea and unusual sweating and sudden feeling of weakness may suggest a heart disease.
Heart Surgery in India | Best Cardiac Surgeons in India.
Coronary angiography is a diagnostics procedures rather than a curative cardiac procedure. Angiography is done to find any suspected blockade in coronary arteries. The patient needs to be hospitalized for one day for the test.
2) Coronary Angioplasty:
Is a procedure used by expert cardiologists for removing the blockade or widening narrowing of coronary arteries in heart. When a stent is placed in the artery for a normal blood flow the procedure is termed as percutaneous coronary intervention. Since no big incision is made in the procedure it is often referred as minimally invasive.
Â 3) Bypass surgery(CABG):
Bypass surgery is also known as open heart surgery or coronary artery bypass graft. The Procedure involves taking a blood vessel from another part of the body usually the arm, leg or chest and attaching it to the affected coronary artery above and below the narrowed area or blockage. This new blood vessel is known as a graft. Sometimes more than one graft is needed depending on how severe coronary heart disease is and how many of the coronary blood vessels have become narrowed.
4) Heart valve correction or replacement surgery:
There are three major procedures involving heart valve replacement or corrective surgery.
(a)Mitral Valve repair surgery
(b) Â Mitral Valve replacement surgery and
(c)Percutaneous Balloon Valvuloplasty.
5) Pace Maker Implant:
A pace maker is a small device that sends electrical impulses to heart muscles for maintain a normal rhythm of heart beats. A pace maker implant surgery is recommended for heart patients suffering from arrhythmia or abnormal heart beats.
There are different types of pace maker devices available; a specialist cardiologist suggests to patient what suits his medical condition best.
6) Congenital heart defect surgery:
A child born with abnormal heart structure or functioning of heart and circulatory system is said to have congenital heart defect. Congenital heart defects can be found even during the pregnancy period. Some of the congenital heart defect babies are born with a bluish tinge to their skin or have very low blood pressure shortly after birth. Other Symptoms may be breathing difficulties, feeding problems, or poor weight gain. Minor defects are most often diagnosed on a routine follow check as they rarely cause symptoms.
If the heart problem is significant, the pediatrician or family physician will likely refer your child to a pediatric cardiologist. At Complete Medicare Solutions we are associated with best Indian Pediatric cardiologists who are well trained and have vast experience to diagnose and treat heart problems in infants, children and young adults. We are associated with best Indian heart hospitals that have latest diagnostics facilities and equipments the child with congenital heart disease will need. The expert pediatric cardiology doctors will decide if the child requires a corrective surgery or at what age the child will get maximum benefit from surgery, after evaluation of treatment modalities required. The Major congenital heart surgeries our specialist doctors are performing with success are: Patent Ductus arteriosus (PDA) ligation, Coarctation of aorta repair, Atrial septal defect (ASD) repair, Ventricular septal defect (VSD) repair, Tetralogy of fallot repair, Transposition of the great vessels repair, Truncus arteriosus repair, Tricuspid atresia repair, Total anomalous pulmonary venous return (TAPVR) correction, Hypo plastic left heart repair etc.
Post Heart surgery care and management:
The patient who has undergone a heart surgery needs to take following precautions post discharge from hospital. After a bypass or CABG surgery, there may be more pain in the legs than around the chest incision if saphenous veins (leg veins) were used as graft. Regular walking as advised in the discharge summery, daily activities, and time will help to lessen leg discomfort and stiffness. Any strenuous exercise or even driving is advisable only after 6-8 weeks. Gradually increase activity. Household chores can be done, but standing in one place longer than15 minutes is not recommended. Dont lift objects that weigh more than 10 pounds. Dont push or pull heavy objects. Unless restricted by doctor's orders, climbing stairs is allowed.