What is colon or colo rectal cancer ?
Colon or large intestine is the last part of the digestive tract. Colon cancer is a cancer that usually occurs in elderly people but it can occur at any age.
Colon cancer usually start as non cancerous (Benign) growth in the inner lining of intestinal lumen called polyps. Over time some of these polyps can become colon cancers.
Colon cancer is sometimes also called as Colo rectal cancers.
The Risk factors associated with colon cancer are:
1.Colon cancer usually is diagnosed in people above 50 years of age , but there are increasing incidences of younger people getting colon cancer.
2.People of African-American are at a higher risk.
3.Ulcerative colitis and crohn’s disease.
4.Diets high in red meat and processed meat.
5.Low-fiber, high-fat diet
6.A sedentary lifestyle and obesity
8.Smoking and heavy alcohol consumption
9. Only a small percentage of colon cancers are linked to inherited genes. The most common inherited syndromes that increase colon cancer risk are familial adenomatous polyposis (FAP) and Lynch syndrome, which is also known as hereditary nonpolyposis colorectal cancer (HNPCC).
Signs and symptoms of Colon cancer:
1.A persistent change in your bowel habits, including diarrhea or constipation or a change in the consistency of your stool.
2. Rectal bleeding or blood in your stool
3.Persistent abdominal discomfort, such as cramps, gas or pain.
4.Weakness or fatigue,
5.Unexplained weight loss
Dr. Priya Tiwari is a renowned Medical Oncologist from country premier Institute, All India Institute of Medical Sciences. She is trained in dealing with all aspects of Medical Oncology and Internal Medicine and believes in providing holistic care to the patient. A MBBS gold medalist, she has numerous papers in many reputed journals. Her goal is to develop an oncology care model addressing all important issues concerning cancer patients.