Cervical cancer is a cancer that usually occur in tissues of cervix , a tubule connecting vaginal opening with uterine cavity. At CMCS Health , we are associated with best Indian cervical cancer treatment specialists for cervical cancer treatment in India | Onco-Surgery , at Best Indian hospitals for cancer treatment , for global medical travelers.
Cervical cancer usually start as abnormal changes in tissues of cervix . In majority of cases , it is Human Papillomavirus infection that is responsible for these abnormal changes. The cells which undergo these abnormal changes are called atypical cells. Some of the atypical cells go away without treatment, but others can become cancerous.
PAP smear and HPV screening for women at risk of developing cervical cancer plays an important role in early diagnosis of Cervical cancer or CA cervix.
Cervical cancer treatment in India | Onco-Surgery
Cervical cancer treatment in India depends on stage of cancer , overall health of patient and personal preference of patient( If the patient wants to bear a child in future) .
As most of the cancers , Surgery is the gold standard for early stage and localized cervical cancers.
We are offering following surgical procedures for cervical cancer treatment in India .
Conization is surgery for excision of cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. It involves removing a cone-shaped piece of tissue from the cervix.
LEEP or LEETZ :
Leep or Leetz involve removing microinvasive cervical cancer tissues with a thin wire hook heated by electricity.
Hysterectomy is removal of uterus along with cervix. Vagina and pelvic lymph nodes are left as well as ovaries , unless and until there is another reason to remove them.
Hysterectomy can be classified as simple hysterectomy ( removal of uterus along with cervix ) , radical hysterectomy ( removal of uterus with surrounding tissues , cervix and upper part of vagina connected to cervix and some lymph nodes ) and modified radical hysterectomy.
There are different ways for doing the hysterotomy in a patient.
- Abdominal Hysterectomy is done through a surgical incision in the front of abdomen. Abdominal hysterectomy may require hospitalization of 3 to 4 days and complete recovery takes almost 4 to 5 weeks.
- Vaginal hysterectomy involves removing the uterus through the vagina.
- Laparoscopic hysterectomy is done with the help of a laparoscope and small incision or cut as compared to open hysterotomy and uterus is removed through a small cut in vagina. Both Vaginal hysterectomy and laparoscopic hysterectomy require 1 to 2 days of hospital stay and 2 to 3 weeks in complete recovery.
- Robot assisted hysterectomy is done with the help of a robot for more precise surgery.
Bilateral salpingo oophorectomy :
Bilateral salpingo oophorectomy is a surgery involving both the ovaries along with both the Fallopian tubes.It is done along with hysterotomy.
Radical trachelectomy :
Radical trachelectomy has become an acceptable alternative to a hysterectomy for younger patients who want to bear a child in future. It involves removal of the cervix and the upper part of the vagina but not the body of the uterus , the nearby lymph nodes are also removed using laparoscopy.
After radical trachelectomy some women are able to carry a term pregnancy and deliver a healthy child through C-section.
Pelvic exenteration :
Exenteration removal of the uterus, vagina, lower colon, rectum, or bladder if cervical cancer has spread to these organs after radiation therapy . It is rarely done and not recommended but used only for those cervical cancer patients whose cancer has come back after radiation treatment.
At Fortis memorial research Institute , We offer a comprehensive treatment for cervical cancer in collaboration with Medical oncology specialists ( Chemotherapy , targeted drug therapy and immunotherapy ) and Radiation oncology specialists ( radiation therapy ).
Dr Rama Joshi - Gynecological Oncology Surgeon , is director - Gynecological Oncology at Fortis Memorial Research institute Gurgaon., India.
With more than two decades of experience of performing all radical oncology surgeries for Gynecological cancers,she is one of the leading Gynecological Oncology surgeon of North India.